Gerson Digital : Germany II

RKD STUDIES

6.5 Still-Life in the 19th Century

In other areas the impact of the Dutch tradition is easier to demonstrate. Flower-, genre- and landscape painting were accompanied by those examples quite a bit longer along the way than we have traced up till now. A few references must be sufficient here, all the more because we have to accept that we must descend to the lower parts of the artistic -- that is to say the unartistic -- production.

The flower piece, which flourished so well on Van Huijsum’s soil at the end of the 18th century, had lost nothing of its vitality in the new century. Painters like Joseph Nigg (1782-1863) [2-3], Leopold Brunner (1788-1866) [1], Ludwig Reinhardt (1849-1870) [4-5],1 the better known Franz Xaver Petter (1791-1866) [6-7], Anton Hartinger (1806-1890) [8], Andreas Lach (1817-1882) [9-10], Josef Lauer (1818-1881) [11-12] and others, relentlessly painted their Jan van Huijsum bouquets and Abraham Mignon garlands, as if the taste for flower painting were an everlasting constancy.2

1
Leopold Brunner (I)
Flower piece in a stoneware vase, dated 1838
canvas, oil paint 49,5 x 40 cm
location unknown : L. Brunner 1838
Munich, Henrich Gallery


2
Joseph Nigg
Still life of flowers, c. 1835
canvas, oil paint 80 x 64 cm
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 3630

3
Joseph Nigg
Bouquet of flowers in a niche, before 1838
canvas, oil paint 61,5 x 49 cm
lower right : Joss: Nigg
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 3629


4
Ludwig Reinhardt after Jan van Huijsum
Flower piece in a basket on a marble ledge, c. 1869-1870
canvas, oil paint 39 x 33 cm
lower left : L. Reinhardt
Hugo Ruef (München) 2012-09-24 - 2012-09-25, nr. 2109

5
Ludwig Reinhardt after Jan van Huijsum
Fruit, flowers and insects on a marble ledge, c. 1869-1870
canvas, oil paint 40,5 x 34 cm
lower left : L. Reinhardt
Hugo Ruef (München) 2012-09-24 - 2012-09-25, nr. 2110


6
Franz Xaver Petter
Flower piece, dated 1831
panel, oil paint 77 x 60 cm
lower right : Franz Xav. Petter. 1831.
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 7872

7
Franz Xaver Petter
Bouquet of flowers in a vase, dated 1845
canvas, oil paint 120 x 94 cm
lower right : Franz Xav: Petter 1845
Vaduz-Vienna, Liechtenstein - The Princely Collections, inv./cat.nr. GE 2096


8
Anton Hartinger
Flower piece, dated 1834
panel, oil paint 53,5 x 40,5 cm
lower right : A Hartinger. fec 1834
Private collection


9
Andreas Lach
Fruit still life of peaches and grapes,
canvas, oil paint 24 x 29,3 cm
on the stretcher : A. Lach
Wiener Kunst Auktionen (Vienna) 1995-03-29 - 1995-03-30, nr. 407

10
Andreas Lach
Flower piece of of roses, violins and grapes,
canvas, oil paint 24 x 29,3 cm
on the stretcher : A. Lach
Wiener Kunst Auktionen (Vienna) 1995-03-29 - 1995-03-30, nr. 407


11
Josef Lauer
Still life with flowers, sparrow and vine branch, dated 1848
canvas, oil paint 90 x 74 cm
lower left : Jos: Lauer pinx: 1848
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 7917

12
Josef Lauer
Still life with flowers, a statue of the Madonna and a rosary, dated 1851
canvas, oil paint 90 x 74 cm
lower left : Jos: Lauer pinx: 1851
Dorotheum (Vienna) 2003-11-24, nr. 68


Even Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (1793-1865), whom we will meet shortly one more time, was in this area a painter bound by tradition [13-17].3

13
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
Still-life with oysters, bottles of wine, paté, grapes and a parrot, dated 1822
canvas, oil paint 52,5 x 66 cm
lower left : Waldmüller 1822
Debrecen (Hongary), Déri Museum

14
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
Still-life with fish, oysters and wine bottle, dated 1837
canvas, oil paint 33 x 40 cm
lower right : Waldmüller 1837
Dobiaschofsky (Bern (Switzerland)) 1979-10-24 - 1979-10-27, nr. 709

15
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
Fruit still-life with oysters and parrot, dated 1831
paper, gouache (material/technique), aquarel paint (watercolor) 285 x 215 mm
lower right : Waldmüller 1831
Vienna, Graphische Sammlung Albertina, inv./cat.nr. 34678

16
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
Fruit piece on a marble ledge, dated 1842
panel, oil paint 66 x 52,5 cm
lower right : Waldmüller 1842
Vienna, Graf Siegfried von Wimpffen

17
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller free after Jan Weenix
Still-life with dead hare in a park, c. 1820
canvas, oil paint 79 x 63 cm
on the stretcher : Ferd. Georg Waldmüller. Hase in Landschaft
Sotheby's (London (England)) 1990-11-28, nr. 183

In Germany painters like this are few in number. Nevertheless, Johann Wilhelm Preyer (1803-1889), the ‘most important fruit still-life painter of the 19th century’,4 took up the never lost tradition of Jan van Huijsum in venerable Düsseldorf [18-19].5 Caspar Arnold Grein, a pupil of flower painter Johann Martin Metz, maintained this tradition all his life.6 In Munich a fresh wind was blowing: the still-lifes of Otto Scholderer (1834-1902) [20] and Carl Schuch (1846-1903) [21] are boldly drawn, modern paintings, whose technique, if we want to find a connection with Holland, most likely relates to the school of Frans Hals.7

18
Johann Wilhelm Preyer
Still life of fruit, dated 1851
canvas, oil paint 24 x 28 cm
lower left : IWPreyer 1851
Lempertz (Keulen) 2009-11-21, nr. 1313


19
Johann Wilhelm Preyer
Bouquet of flowers in a glass vase on a marble ledge, dated 1828
canvas, oil paint 51 x 39 cm
lower right : JWPreyer 1828
Sotheby's (München) 1994-12-06, nr. 60

20
Otto Scholderer
Still life with Tatarian asters in a glass vase and a an overturned wicker basket with apricots,
canvas, oil paint 29,5 x 43 cm
Lempertz (Keulen) 2009-05-16, nr. 1332 A


21
Carl Schuch
Corner of a room with hanging partridge, cheese plate and storage pots, after 1888
canvas, oil paint 76 x 63 cm
lower left : CSchuch
Berlin, Nationalgalerie (Berlijn), inv./cat.nr. A I 1010


Notes

1 [Van Leeuwen 2018] The majority of his work consists of animal painting; these copies after Jan van Huijsum are an exception in his oeuvre, as far as we know.

2 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On flower painting in Vienna in the 19th century: Frodl/frodl-Scheemann 2010.

3 [Gerson 1942/1983] Examples: Auction Vienna 15 May 1918, no. 338; Auction Vienna 2 May 1917, no. 154 (of 1822); Exhibition J. Goudstikker, Amsterdam 1933, no. 345 (of 1837); Roessler s.a., ill. 129-130 (of 1831 and 1842). [Van Leeuwen 2018] Waldmüller also made a free copy after Jan Weenix in Salzburg around 1820 (Feuchtmüller 1996, p. 425, no. 77, ill.)

4 [Gerson 1942/1983] Thieme/Becker 1907-1950, vol. 27 (1913), p. 393.

5 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On Preyer: Weiss/Paffrath et al. 2009.

6 [Van Leeuwen 2018] See § 2.1.

7 [Van Leeuwen 2018] The composition of fig. 21 seems related to still-lifes of Christopher Paudiss, such as RKDimages 253705.

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