Gerson Digital : Germany II

RKD STUDIES

5.5 Still-Life in Austria and Bohemia

Until well into the 19th century, the ‘academic’ flower piece of painters like Abraham Mignon, Jan van Huijsum and Rachel Ruysch always found approval and imitation in places of academic schooling and painting, in Vienna as much as in Düsseldorf.1 Franz Theodor Dallinger (1710-1771) must have been one of the first [1].2 Works by him were exhibited in Prague in 1938, which hitherto remained unknown to me.3 Another painter from Prague, Andreas Kinderman, was a member of the painters’ guild in The Hague in 1722 [2-4].4

1
Franz Theodor Dallinger
Fruit piece in a forest landscape,
canvas, oil paint 74 x 93 cm
Dorotheum (Vienna) 1984-12-04 - 1984-12-11, nr. 358


2
Andreas Kinderman
Still life with fruit, flowers and sphinx, c. 1700
canvas, oil paint 108 x 124 cm
Náchod, Náchod Castle, inv./cat.nr. 1885

3
Andreas Kinderman
Still life with fruit in a glass bowl, c. 1700
canvas, oil paint 108 x 124 cm
on the back : A.C.P.D.A.
Náchod, Náchod Castle, inv./cat.nr. 1939


4
Andreas Kinderman
Bouquet in a stoneware vase with a relief,
canvas, oil paint 137 x 103 cm
Prague, Strahov Monastery, inv./cat.nr. O 483

5
Josef Pichler
Flower arrangement on a stone table, 1778 to be dated
canvas, oil paint 94 x 71 cm
Vienna, Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien, inv./cat.nr. 157


Johann Baptist Hälszel (1710/12-1777) painted flowers and still-lifes in the manner of Jan Davidsz. de Heem, Abraham Mignon and Jan van Huijsum [6-8].5 Josef Pichler (1730-1808)6 [5] and Johann Baptist Drechsler (1756-1811) made very decorative flower paintings à la Jan van Huijsum and Rachel Ruysch [9-12].

6
Johann Baptist Hälszel
Flower still life on a stone table, between c. 1725-1777
unknown, oil paint 85 x 69 cm
London (England), art dealer Koetser (London)


7
Johann Baptist Hälszel
Roses, asters, a poppy, convulvuli and other flowers in a glass vase on a marble ledge, dated 1776
copper, oil paint 47,7 x 36,5 cm
lower left : Jaen Pauli Höl / 1776
Christie's (Amsterdam) 1999-05-04, nr. 77

8
Johann Baptist Hälszel
Still life with oranges, grapes and a canary,
copper, oil paint 47 x 37 cm
lower right : Jean Paul Hälszel 17...
Dorotheum (Vienna) 1992-06-23 - 1992-06-24, nr. 143


9
Johann Baptist Drechsler
Large bouquet with peach and grapes, dated 1810
canvas, oil paint 65,7 x 52,5 cm
lower right : Joh. Drechsler F. 1810
Vienna, art dealer C. Bednarczyk

10
Johann Baptist Drechsler
Flower piece with bird's nest, dated 1804
canvas, oil paint 69 x 54 cm
lower right : Joh. Drechsler f. 1804
Dessau/Schloss Wörlitz, Kulturstiftung Dessau-Wörlitz, inv./cat.nr. 1-161


11
Johann Baptist Drechsler
Still life of roses, peonies, a tulip, a poppy, morning glories and other flowers in an urn resting on a stone ledge within a niche, dated 1798
canvas, oil paint 78,7 x 63,5 cm
lower right : Joh. Drechsler 1789
Sotheby's (New York City) 2011-06-09, nr. 124

12
Johann Baptist Drechsler
Still life of roses, peonies, morning glories, an iris, a cock's comb and other flowers in an urn resting on a stone ledge within a niche, c. 1798
canvas, oil paint 78,7 x 63,5 cm
lower right : J...rechsler f.
Sotheby's (New York City) 2011-06-09, nr. 124


Johann Nepomuk Mayrhofer (1764-1832) copied Abraham Mignon [13-14],7 while Johann Knapp (1778-1833) kept himself to the more simple pieces from the beginning of the 17th century, for example Roeland Savery [15-16]. Sebastian Wegmayr (1776-1857) [17-19], professor of flower painting at the academy, didn’t know anything better to do than to imitate Jan van Huijsum’s flower bouquets.


13
Abraham Mignon
Still life with fruit, fish and a bird's nest, 1670s
canvas, oil paint 74 x 62 cm
lower left : AB Mignon fe (AB in ligature)
Munich, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, inv./cat.nr. 577

14
Johann Nepomuk Mayrhofer after Abraham Mignon
Fruit in a ruin, dated 1795
panel, oil paint 85 x 68 cm
lower left : J. Mayrhoffer 1795
Munich, private collection Wilhelm Löwenfeld


15
Johann Knapp
Flower piece in a niche,
canvas, oil paint 52 x 39 cm
location unknown : Johann Knapp fecit
Sankt Pölten, Niederösterreichische Landesmuseum

16
Johann Knapp
Flower piece in a niche, dated 1812
paper on linen, oil paint 72,5 x 55,5 cm
lower right : Johann Knapp fecit 1812
Dorotheum (Vienna) 2003-11-24, nr. 75


17
Sebastian Wegmayr
Flower piece in a glass vase on a marble ledge, c. 1835
panel, oil paint 69,7 x 53 cm
lower right : S. Wegmayr
Private collection

18
Sebastian Wegmayr
Flower still life in glass vase, 1830
panel, oil paint 134 x 94 cm
lower right : S. Wegmayr
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 2550


19
Sebastian Wegmayr
Still-life of flowers in a glass vase, c. 1830
paper, gouache (material/technique) 408 x 283 mm
lower right : S Wegmayr. f.
Sankt Pölten, Museum Niederösterreich, inv./cat.nr. 6495


Naturally, Austrian still-life painting did not consist of flower painting only. Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau (1678-1754)8 and Philipp von Purgau (1681-after 1720) for instance created ‘thistle paintings’ in the style of Marseus van Schrieck and Hamilton [20-22]. They also made paintings with birds in imitation of Melchior d’ Hondecoeter and Jan Weenix [23-25].

20
Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau
Still life with a golden rod, birds and butterflies,
canvas, oil paint 85,5 x 66,5 cm
lower left : Francis Purgau. pinxit
Prague, Strahov Monastery, inv./cat.nr. 0 715


21
Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau
Lawn with thistle, frogs and dragonfly, dated 1738
copper, oil paint 33 x 44 cm
on the back : Frantz Michael Sigmund v: Purgau Pinxit Lincy 1738
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 5592

22
Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau
Lawn with strawberries and fly agari, dated 1738
copper, oil paint 33 x 44 cm
lower left : P [ligiert]; sign. und dat. auf der Rückseite: v. Purgau Fecit Lincy 1737
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 5591


23
Philipp von Purgau
Still life with dead birds and stag beetles,
canvas, oil paint 95 x 73,5 cm
Vienna, Museum im Schottenstift, inv./cat.nr. 77

24
Philipp von Purgau
Still life with dead birds and marten,
canvas, oil paint 95 x 73, cm
lower left : P. v. Purgau f.
Vienna, Museum im Schottenstift, inv./cat.nr. 78


25
Philipp von Purgau
Still life with dead birds and a squirrel,
canvas, oil paint 94 x 73,2 cm
lower left : P. v. Purgau f.
Vienna, Museum im Schottenstift, inv./cat.nr. 82


Jan Antonin Vocásek (1706-1757) must have been a talented artist, who painted birds [26-28], fish [29], flowers and other still-lifes in his hometown of Reichenau [Rychnov nad Kněžnou].9 As an example of his art we have to point out a trompe-l’œil painting of a woodpecker before a wooden wall, which was also exhibited in Prague in 1938 [30].10

26
Jan Antonín Vocásek
Trompe-l'oeil of a jay against a wooden wall and cherries, c. 1740
canvas, oil paint 53 x 41 cm
Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Rychnov Château, inv./cat.nr. RK 714/253


27
Jan Antonín Vocásek
Still life with a partridge, small birds and dominoes, c. 1740-1743
canvas, oil paint 53 x 41 cm
Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Rychnov Château, inv./cat.nr. RK 715/251

28
Jan Antonín Vocásek
Still life with a bird, fruit and flowers, with cards and a tobacco pouch,
canvas, oil paint 53 x 40,5 cm
Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Rychnov Château, inv./cat.nr. RK 718/252


29
Jan Antonín Vocásek
Still life of a salmon caught at the river Orlice near Borohradek, dated 1743
canvas, oil paint 142 x 85,5 cm
: Js A. Wocasek
Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Rychnov Château, inv./cat.nr. RK 720/1761

30
Jan Antonín Vocásek
Trompe-l'oeil of a woodpecker against a wooden wall, c. 1740
canvas, oil paint 52,5 x 39,7 cm
bottom left of the middle : I.HROSCHEZKY
Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Rychnov Château, inv./cat.nr. RK 717/254


Austrian animal and hunting paintings on the other hand, are usually more Flemish than Dutch in conception. Martin Ferdinand Quadal (1736-1809)11 [31-32] and Johann Wurzer (1760-1838) [33-34] have painted still-lifes in the Flemish manner. 12


31
Martin Ferdinand Quadal
Fish still life with two cats, dated 1781
canvas, oil paint 68 x 77 cm
lower right : M. F. Quadal fet. / 1781
Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, inv./cat.nr. 4052

32
Martin Ferdinand Quadal
Two wolfs attacked by hunting dogs, dated 1772
canvas, oil paint 122,5 x 153,5 cm
lower left : f.M. quadal 1772
Manson & Woods Christie (London (England)) 1991-12-13, nr. 179


33
Johann Wurzer
Flower piece in a glass vase, dated 1781
panel, oil paint 50 x 35 cm
lower right : Johann Wurzer in Venit et pinxit 81
Koller (Zürich) 2007-09-18 - 2007-09-21, nr. 3106

34
Johann Wurzer
Flower piece in a glass vase, early 1780s
panel, oil paint 50 x 35 cm
lower right : Johann Wurzer in Venit et pinxit
Koller (Zürich) 2007-09-18 - 2007-09-21, nr. 3106


Notes

1 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On flower painting in Vienna: Frodl/Frodl-Schneemann 2010.

2 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Dallinger mainly worked in Prague. Except for the illustrated still-life, we only know Flemish-looking still-lifes of vegetables by him (Prague, National Gallery) and hunting still-lifes (RKDimages 291369 and 291372). On Dallinger: Seifertová/Sevcík 1997, p. 24-25, ill. p. 202-203, no. 80 ( ill.), p. 226-227.

3 [Gerson 1942/1983] Prague 1938, nos. 751-752.

4 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Obreen 1877-1890, vol. 5, 142. On Kinderman: Němečková 2012.

5 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Hälszel also painted hunting still-lifes in the manner of Jan Weenix and Carl Wilhelm de Hamilton (RKDimages 291330 and 291328).

6 [Gerson 1942/1983] Illustration in Biermann 1914, no. 126. Pichler was a well-known fresco painter.

7 [Gerson 1942/1983] Hoerschelmann 1897, p. 68, no. 128, ill. [Van Leeuwen 2018] Although Mayrhofer was born in Linz, he worked most of his life in Munich, which is also where he made the Mignon copy. Gerson should have mentioned him in his text on Munich.

8 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On F.M.S. von Purgau: Dossi 1986.

9 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On Vocásek: Zezula 2012. The RKD is grateful for the generous gift of the images of many works in Rychnov Castle. The artworks were entered in the RKD database by trainee Mareike Wietz (Berlin, Freie Univeristät).

10 [Gerson 1942/1983] Prague 1938, no. 277.

11 [Van Leeuwen 2018] After travelling to France, England and Italy, Quadal left Austria permanently in 1790. First he started in England, but from 1793 till 1795 he lived in Holland, where he received many portrait commissions (e.g. RKDimages 291390, 169653, 169652, 148371, 150119, 273245, 125802). Considering his clientele he probably lived in The Hague. After the French marched into the Northern Netherlands, Quadal left for Hamburg, before he finally settled down in Saint Petersburg, as a court painter of tsar Paul I, son of Catherine the Great, who was murdered in 1801. On Quadal: Šafaříková 2012.

12 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Gerson probably referred to a hunting still-life with a dead deer and a huntsman (Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna; image in the Witt Library). We could not get hold of an image.

Cookies disclaimer

I agree Our site saves small pieces of text information (cookies) on your device in order to deliver better content and for statistical purposes. You can disable the usage of cookies by changing the settings of your browser. By browsing our website without changing the browser settings you grant us permission to store that information on your device.